The orthopedic odontology is engaged in treatment of disturbances of integrity and functions of dentoalveolar system by prosthetics or installation of the regulating devices.
The development of pathology in the oral cavity leads to changes in work of other organs and systems — disturbance of a mastication leads to disturbances of digestion of an alimentary lump, creating conditions for development of stomach diseases and an intestine.
The orthopedic surgeon has to understand the biomechanics of the dentoalveolar system, know laws of the articulation (the speech, singing, laughter, etc.).
The orthopedic odontology is engaged also in the correction of appearance of the patient.
The matter is that when teeth are lost, appearance also changes — nasolabial cords go deep, lower eyelids fall, cheeks, etc. sink down.
In modern orthopedic odontology the principle of organs preservation is applied — modern prostheses are made of biologically neutral composite materials, ceramic and biologically neutral metal alloys that allow to achieve the most natural type of a prosthesis with long term of usage.
Modern prostheses are made the most convenient for patients.
Actually a prosthetic repair (restoration of the lost teeth) can be various both by execution techniques, and by the applied materials.
According to the types of designs there are 3 main groups of a prosthetic repair:
removable prosthetic repair,
fixed prosthetic repair,
conditionally removable prosthetic repair.
And in each group there is a large number of orthopedic designs,
types and ways of orthopedic treatment.
Practically any prosthetic repair is multi-stage.
The stages of a prosthetic repair are the following:
1. Inspection — preliminary survey and making a decision if there is a possibility of a prosthetic repair to give a chance.
Detailed inspection includes roentgen diagnosis, tool researches.
2. Preliminary treatment — sanation of an oral cavity is an obligatory stage of a prosthetic repair.
3. Preparation for prosthetics — preparing teeth, putting off prints, fitting the intermediate stages of the made designs.
4. Bracing of fixed or conditionally removable designs and fitting the removable prosthetic repair.
At this stage of interrelation between the doctor and the patient doesn’t stop. Surveys are necessary for the design adjustment — the main objective is to receive a reliable, convenient and long-term design.